Civil Services Exam Details

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You can also call civil services exam as India Civil Services Exam and acronym because in India ICS exams known as mother of all competitive exams. It is the prominent exam also in compare of IIT-JEE or CAT exam. This exam will take you to the top of any organizational ranking in India managerial structure. And this is reason that who have cracked IIT-JEE or have previously bell the CAT also want to conquer this final obstacle to prove themselves among their modern.

It is one of such exam where every individual have to be best in all walk of life. If one regard as oneself a footstep in front then the ample if one think that he can and he has to be on the other side of the table then he should take this test mannered by central body UPSC each year in the month of May to fill up almost 400 openings of the pinnacle nick posts in the Central government and its different branches.

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Before applying for these, Candidates must ensure that they accomplish all eligibility circumstance for admission to examination.

Educational Qualification:

Aspirants should be Graduate in any manner from a recognized college/university. Candidates are also eligible who have/has professional and technical qualification recognized by Government. Candidates who have appeared for final year exam in the same year can also apply but he has to produce proof of passing the exam with their application for the main Exam.

Aspirants who have passed finals of MBBS or any other Medical degree examination but yet to complete entrance exam can also apply for the main examination but for this they require to submit a certificate from the concerned authority of the institution/University that they have passed their final of professional medical examination.

NOTE: There is not any minimum percentage of marks in qualifying exam is pass only required to become eligible for Civil Services Exam.


For the IAS and IPS candidate must be a citizen of India

For others a candidate must be either

•  A citizen of India, or

•  A subject of Bhutan, or

•  A subject of Nepal, or

•  A Tibetan refugee who came over to India with the intention of permanently settling in India. or

•  A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Burma, Pakistan, Srilanka, Zaire, Uganda, Zambia, the United Republic of Tanzania, East African countries of Kenya, Malawi, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Aspirants who are belonging to the categories 2,3,4,5 should hold the certificate of eligibility is being issued by Government of India. NOTE: such kind of candidates will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

Age Limits:

Candidates must cross the age of 21 year and not more than age of 30.

Lower classes and SC/ST can be relaxed in Upper age limit.


Aspirants should be physically fit as per the regulation given in rules for CSE.

Number of Attempts:


Number of Attempts

SC/ST candidates


General Category


Candidates belonging from General category but Handicapped physically


Other Backward Classes


Some Prerequisites:

The hopeful aspirants are anticipated to have enthusiastic interest in general studies and are supposed to have a good amount of attention in present affairs.

It is necessary pre-requisite to detained and regular reading of a good newspaper, a standard magazine and a basic book of general knowledge. Proficient time planning is another important point.

Exam Pattern

Typically the exam use to hold in three parts:

  • 2, 50,000-3, 00,000 candidates use to appear for beginning exam every year.
  • Mains exams taken nearly 10,000 chosen candidates at beginning level.
  • Consultation/interview, this is last part of exam taken by number of candidates around three times of the unoccupied seats.


Preliminary exam, it consists of two papers (Paper 1 & Paper 2). Pattern & Syllabus under this exam are as

Paper 1 marks=200, timing 2 hrs

  • Indian national movement and History of India
  • Current events of international and national importance
  • Indian and World geography-social, physical, economic geography of India and the world

  • General Science
  • Indian Polity of Governance- political system, constitution, public policy, panchayati raj, rights issues, etc.

  • Economic and social development- poverty, sustainable development, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.

  • General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climate change that do not require subject specialization.

Paper 2 marks=200, timing 2 hrs

  • General mental ability
  • Comprehension
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • English language comprehension skills (class 10) level
  • Basic numeracy (class 10 level), Data interpretation (class 10 level)

Main Examination

It is taken to review the generally academic individuality and intensity of considerate of applicants slightly than simply the range of their information and memory. It will consist of a written examination and an interview test.

The written examination consists of 9 papers and each paper will be of 3 hour

Paper for main exam




Paper 1

Section 1- Essay, section 2- English comprehension & English précis (of matriculation/10 th standard level)


Paper 2

General Studies-1 (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the world and society)


Paper 3

General Studies 2 (Governance, Constitutions, Polity, Social justice and International relations)


Paper 4

General studies 3 (Technology, economic development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)


Paper 5

General studies 4 (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)


Paper 6

Optional subject- Paper 1


Paper 7

Optional subject- Paper 2









Grand Total



Aspirants can choose any optional subjects underneath mentioned in group 1. On the other hand an aspirant may choose literatures of a language, mentioned in Group 2 underneath as an optional subject but in a condition that candidate must have passed graduate in the literature of that particular language as the core subject.

Note: Obtained marks by the candidates of all papers will be count on merit ranking. On the other hand the commission will have the judgment to secure qualifying marks in all or any papers of the examination.

Note: The question paper will be printed in Devnagari script for Santali language; but the aspirants will be free to answer either in Olchiki or in Devnagari.

Optional Papers:

List of optional subjects for Main Examination:


(i) Agriculture

(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

(iii) Anthropology

(iv) Botany

(v) Chemistry

(vi) Civil Engineering

(vii) Commerce and Accountancy

(viii) Economics

(ix) Electrical Engineering

(x) Geography

(xi) Geology

(xii) History

(xiii) Law

(xiv) Management

(xv) Mathematics

(xvi) Mechanical Engineering

(xvii) Medical Science

(xviii) Philosophy

(xix) Physics

(xx) Political Science and International Relations

(xxi) Psychology

(xxii) Public Administration

(xxiii) Sociology

(xxiv) Statistics

(xxv) Zoology


Literature of any one of the following languages:

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, 

alayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, 

Urdu, English.

List of optional subjects for Main Examination:


  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  3. Anthropology
  4. Botany
  5. Chemistry
  6. Civil Engineering
  7. Commerce and Accountancy
  8. Economics
  9. Electrical Engineering
  10. Geography
  11. Geology 
  12. History
  13. Law
  14. Management
  15. Mathematics
  16. Mechanical Engineering
  17. Medical Science
  18. Philosophy
  19. Physics
  20. Political Science and International Relations
  21. Psychology
  22. Public Administration
  23. Sociology
  24. Statistics
  25. Zoology


Literature of any one of the following languages:

  1. Assamese
  2. Bengali
  3. Bodo
  4. Dogri
  5. Gujarati
  6. Hindi
  7. Kannada
  8. Kashmiri
  9. Konkani
  10. Maithili
  11. Malayalam
  12. Manipuri
  13. Marathi
  14. Nepali
  15. Oriya
  16. Punjabi
  17. Sanskrit
  18. Santhali
  19. Sindhi
  20. Tamil
  21. Telugu
  22. Urdu
  23. English


Candidates shall be sending for an interview who obtains minimum qualifying marks in written part of the main examination. Usually it uses to conduct in month of April/May of every year. The questions will be asked on the matter of general interests. The thing of the interview is to evaluate the individual appropriateness and umpire the psychological quality of the contender. This interview will carry 300 marks but no minimum qualifying marks.

The marks obtained by the candidate in the main examination written part as well as interview would be concluding candidate's final ranking. Contenders will be chosen to the different Services observance in view their ranks in the examination and the preferences articulated by them for the different Services and position.

There will be a medical test as well, mainly unyielding for IPS. Top rankers approximately 80-100 candidates will be selected out of those final candidates and will be appointed for (IAS) Indian Administrative Services Officers.

Civil Services Posts that are filled through Civil Services Exam

Major Civil Services posts that are filled through Civil Services Exam are:

Indian Administrative Service

IAS officer

India Foreign Service

IFS officer

Indian Police Service

IPS officer

How to Apply

An application form devised by UPSC for this exam candidates require to apply via that common application only. And it can be purchased from any head post offices throughout the country with only the charge of Rs.30 only. Each form can be used for one exam once only. In case of non availability of the form from the designated PO immediately contact UPSC ”Form Supply Monitoring Cell” over Phone No. 011-23389366.

Address for receipt of the Application form

Union Public Service Commission
Dholpur House
Shahjahan Road
New Delhi-110069

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